Are smart cities needed for India?
A smart city is an urban development vision to integrate multiple Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and Internet of Things (IoT) solutions in a secure fashion to manage a city’s assets – the city’s assets include, but are not limited to, local departments’ information systems, schools, libraries, transportation systems, hospitals, power plants, water supply networks, waste management, law enforcement, and other community services. The goal of building a smart city is to improve quality of life by using urban informatics and technology to improve the efficiency of services and meet people’s needs. ICT allows city officials to interact directly with the community and the city infrastructure and to monitor what is happening in the city, how the city is evolving, and how to enable a better quality of life. Through the use of sensors integrated with real-time monitoring systems, data are collected from citizens and devices – then processed and analyzed. The information and knowledge gathered are keys to tackling inefficiency.
“The best way to have a Good idea
is to have lots of ideas”
The running Government in India visions the smart cities to have facilities like,
- Automatic traffic signal: In case of heavy traffics routes will be automatically diverted.
- Better Public transport facility: To decrease traffic on roads, there will be enhancement in existing public transport system.
- Quick accident relief: In case of accident or problem in vehicle, people will get help in just one call. They can also take help through CCTV too.
- Smart Traffic system: This system is already implemented in Bangalore city. Taking guidance from London’s Smart Traffic System, people will get the information regarding heavy traffic in advance.
- Data Centre: The main characteristic of Smart City projects will be Data Centre. It will have detailed information about the city.
- o Face Identification System to snitch criminals: Getting inspiration from Paris, the Smart City will develop the facility of Face Identification System in place to nab criminal. The photos and DNA of criminals and suspects will be entered in computer and information and this will also be shared with other cities. After the scanning face, an alert message will be sent to police control room and this message will be forwarded to adjacent police station so criminals can be nabbed without difficulty. This system will assist to control growing crime on the road.
- Control Room: There will be an incorporated control room for crime, health, services and traffic for better synchronization to offer quick help to people.
These smart cities in India will provide,
- The main aim of constructing a smart city is to provide good infrastructure to the residents, such as water and sanitation services, 24*7 electricity supply etc. The information will be collected through the detectors – gas, electricity and other government analytics, which will be carefully complied into small grids and then, will be fed into the computers. This process can focus on making the city efficient.
- Smart cities are required as it would also provide smart solutions such as providing public data, electronic service delivery, 100% treatment of water waste, monitoring water quality etc.
- Smart cities enhance the developmental activities of a region. A lot of developmental activities such as building schools, organizations, shopping malls can take place. These activities benefit everybody including citizens, businesses, government and environment.
Housing for All
- The main aim of a smart city is “housing for all”. More than 70% of the Indian population would be living in cities by 2050. Due to the rising urbanization, a better standard of living is required. To support this rising shift, a sustainable model of housing should be developed.
- A smart city is an economy of agglomeration. It provides various opportunities and advantages to its residents. India is expanding rapidly and the emergence of smart city can provide employment for many. The construction of a smart city requires a lot of manpower.Many cities across the globe adopted the concept of Smart City and evolved to a better shape. In order to compete with developed countries, developing countries like India, should fight against the existing problems and should focus on the growth simultaneously.
Such growth is truly relying on eradicating social issues and upgrading infrastructure. Initiatives like smart city will enable the government to achieve these goals faster.